Debra Bowen re-elected as California Secretary of State
Secretaries of State may not require a payday loan or a short term loan, as they can make from $180,000 to $190,000 or more annually. The United States Department of State, or State Department, is the first executive department to be established; it was created in 1789, led by the Secretary of State. A Secretary of State advises the president on foreign policy and diplomatic relations, analyzes and decides on treaties and agreements, manages foreign embassies and directs, coordinates and supervises the activities of the U.S. Government and its linkages overseas. The State Secretary is directly answerable to the U.S. president.
California Secretary of State Debra Bowen
In 2009, California had a population of nearly 37 million. It is the most populous state in America. Its government is led by Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. Debra Bowen is California’s 31st Secretary of State; she has been in office since Jan. 8, 2007. She won the position against then California Secretary of State Bruce McPherson on Nov. 2, 2006, making her only the sixth woman in history to be elected to a constitutional office with a statewide range of responsibility and power. As the incumbent California State Secretary, Bowen leads nearly 500 people under the California State Secretary office, advocating accessibility and transparency in business, elections, legislation, political campaigning and lobbying.
Legislative Bill AB 1624
Debra Bowen helped pass Legislative Bill AB 1624, which makes available to the public all information on the legislative assembly schedule. This includes pending matters on the floors of both Upper and Lower Chambers or Houses of the Legislature, bill analysis in connection to other bills, bill histories, statuses and vote information in each legislative session, veto on a statutory law (e.g. policy commanding or prohibiting something), the California State’s Constitution and other laws and statutes (i.e. all statutes made on or after Jan. 1, 1993).
Electronic voting systems
Long before the year 2000, when those running for state offices were required to post on the Internet their financial campaign reports, Debra Bowen had been the foremost Californian member of the Legislature to have already done so in 1995. As California’s Chief Elections Officer, she oversees elections on state and federal levels. To measure the extent of transparency and security in elections, she has been granted authority to review California’s electronic voting systems, approving Diebold Election Systems, Hart InterCivic and Sequoia Voting Systems and annulling the use of Election Systems and Software once the machines’ capability in securing votes were found incompetent.
The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum awarded Bowen the Profile in Courage Award for commissioning an in-depth review of California’s electronic voting systems. Through California Business Portal, Bowen provides online variegated information on business entities and networking. She also manages the Victims of Corporate Fraud Compensation Fund, which is intended to compensate and restore a victim’s loss/losses incurred by corporate fraud.