Over the past few years, the term “strategic default” has entered into the national consciousness. People who owe more on a mortgage than the home is worth simply stop paying and walk away because it isn’t worth the trouble. This practice had begun to increase since the 2008 housing crash, but now the tide is starting to recede, if only slightly.
Credit bureaus and banks getting wise
Banks, loan lenders and credit bureaus have been perturbed by the rise in the number of strategic defaults on mortgages in the past few years. Borrowers that owe more on a mortgage than the house is actually worth will default on their mortgage when the value of the home has dropped so low that it no longer makes any sense to continue. In order to ferret out which consumers were defaulting because the cruelty of circumstances left them unable to make payments from the ones who were just giving up, Fair Isaac and Company, one of the main credit rating agencies in the United States, devised a way to find out which troubled homeowners are likely to engage in strategic default. According to the Chicago Tribune, an estimated 35 percent of all mortgage defaults were strategic in September 2010.
New car and cards a dead giveaway
People who strategically default usually will use available lines of credit just before walking away from the mortgage. New credit cards will be opened up, personal loans taken out to finance the move and new cars will be purchased. Then the underwater homeowner walks. FICO is also working with loan lenders and banks to help them identify potential defaulters before they walk. However, according to SmartMoney, the number of people walking away when it suits them is dropping. It is estimated by the University of Chicago Booth School of Business that strategic defaults dropped to 30 percent in March of this year, down from 37 percent in January. JPMorgan Chase analysts, according to Mortgage Wire, found that the overall rate was decreasing.
Consequences of default
Fannie Mae conducted a survey some time ago that found 27 percent of respondents, according to the Chicago Tribune, found the idea of strategic default acceptable. Consulting agencies began springing up that would advise consumers about how and when to default to their best advantage, such as the website YouWalkAway.com, according to Forbes. Yet people who do strategic default face potentially stiff penalties, according to MarketWatch. Credit scores can lose up to 200 points, leading to a host of other consequences. Landlords and insurers may be less willing to rent to or insure someone who has defaulted, and Fannie Mae has declared that it will not insure a new mortgage for someone who has strategically defaulted. It is estimated that 42 percent of all homes are “underwater,” or worth less than the amount of money owed on the mortgage.