Analysis: New data on pending home sales and consumer spending

consumer spending

Put into perspective, consumer spending is being canceled out by inflation, and the housing market could be bottoming out. Image: CC Mr. T in DC/Flickr

An increase in pending home sales in February was not enough to offset the big slide in contract signings reported in January. A February gain in consumer spending was also neutralized after being adjusted for inflation driven by rising food and energy prices. But the minutely positive data on pending home sales and consumer spending boosted stocks Monday, and some real estate experts think the housing market may have bottomed out.

Inflation and consumer spending

Consumer spending in February increased 0.7 percent compared to the month before, according to the Commerce Department. Consumer spending has risen eight months in a row, but February’s increase, adjusted for inflation, is just 0.3 percent, matching the increase reported in January. Rising food and energy prices pushed up inflation in February. After rising 0.3 percent in January, the Commerce Department said the personal consumption expenditures price index rose 0.4 percent, the fastest rate recorded since June 2009. The increase in the consumption expenditures price index effectively canceled out February’s 0.3 percent increase in personal income. Households have also been dipping into savings to cover rising food and energy prices. Savings dropped from $710.5 billion in January to $676.7 billion in February.

Pending home sales as an economic indicator

Pending home resales increased 2.1 percent in February after dropping 2.8 percent in January, according to the National Association of Realtors. Compared with February 2010, pending home sales fell 9.3 percent. Because they represent signed contracts, pending home sales are considered a leading economic indicator. The number affects existing home sales data a month or two later, when the contracts close. As for February, existing home sales — 95 percent of today’s housing market — dropped 9.6 percent from the month before. The median price for existing homes dropped 5.2 percent from February 2010, erasing all increases in home values since February 2002. New home sales plunged 17 percent in February to the lowest rate ever recorded. The median price for new homes dropped 8.9 percent from February 2010.

Has the housing market bottomed out?

Because home prices continue to fall, the National Association of Realtors expects existing home sales to eventually rise 5 to 10 percent overall in 2011. Very few people are buying despite the fact that housing has become so affordable it should be one of the most attractive investments in the U.S. According to Deutche Bank, it’s now cheaper to pay a mortgage and other major homeownership costs than to rent the same house in 28 out of 54 major markets. Optimistic real estate analysts are betting that this affordability will eventually entice potential homeowners into pulling the trigger. The re-emergence of homebuyers could start raising housing prices in many markets, which could get even more homebuyers off the fence.



New York Times


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